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Vedic Mathematics: An Introduction

Vedic Mathematics An Introduction

What is Vedic Mathematics?

‘Vedic Mathematics’ is the name given to ancient Indian system of mathematics. It was re-discovered from the ‘Veda’s by Jagadguru Swami Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji Maharaja. He was a Hindu scholar & mathematician who lived from 1884 to 1960. He was the Sankaracharya of the Govardhana matha of Puri during 1925–1960. He is particularly known for his book ‘Vedic Mathematics’

Complete System of Mathematics

‘Vedic Mathematics’ is a complete system of Mathematics that applies holistically to all the areas like algebra, geometry, trigonometry, etc.

What it is NOT?

In contrast to few other set of techniques that apply only to few parts of counting (especially arithmetic), Vedic Mathematics is NOT just a bunch of few tricks. As mentioned above – it is a complete system and thus it is NOT limited to only few sections of calculations or operations.

Key features and benefits of Vedic Mathematics (compared to ‘conventional’ math)

One who practices Vedic Mathematics knows they are innumerable direct & indirect benefits of it over the ‘conventional’ mathematics. However, we will try to focus on few main points here:


The whole system of Vedic Mathematics is beautifully inter-related and unified. We all know that multiplication and division are two complementary operations. One is the reverse of the other. The general multiplication method in Vedic Mathematics is easily reversed to allow one-line divisions. Similarly, simple squaring method can be reversed to get one-line square roots! This demonstrates that it is Vedic Mathematics is ‘coherent’ the way mathematics should be. 

This strikingly contrasts with ‘conventional’ mathematics. The way ‘conventional’ multiplication and division operations are carried out makes one feel that the two operations are totally ‘disconnected’. And same goes with method of finding square roots. It makes one wonder – how can ‘conventional’ mathematics be called a system when it actually looks like jumbled up mixture of unrelated techniques.


Vedic Mathematics is very flexible in nature. There are more than one ways of carrying out calculations and finding result of any particular problem at hand. Few of the features which make Vedic Mathematics flexible are:

  • The calculations can be done from either ‘left to right’ or from ‘right to left’
  • Numbers can be represented in more than one ways
  • One can work with 2 or more figures at a time

All these are unheard of in ‘conventional’ mathematics. It usually has only one way of doing a calculation which makes it rigid, unintuitive and even boring.

It works the ‘way’ our mind works

While carrying out calculations using methods of Vedic Mathematics one makes use of both ‘left’ and ‘right’ part of one’s brain. Thereby, it appeals to everyone (those who are artistic type as well as those who are analytical thinkers)

Vedic Mathematics promotes creativity and seeks to cultivate intuition in its practitioners. It also increases mental agility and memory – this is due to the simplicity that allows calculations to be carried out mentally.

Thus, Vedic Mathematics is not only a tool for calculations but also a powerful Neurobics (Mental exercise) which facilitates holistic and all-round development of an individual.
In simple words ...

Vedic Mathematics makes calculations not only efficient and fast but also easy and fun!

Joy of mathematics is an immediate and natural consequence of practicing Vedic Mathematics.

Compiled by: Harsh Thakkar & Deesha Thakkar

April 19, 2013